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Turkey, "The Cradle of Civilization"

Turkey is often called "the cradle of civilization," as it has been home to a rich variety of tribes and nations of people since 6500 B.C. Hattis, Hittites, Phrygians, Urartians, Lycians, Lydians, Ionians, Persians, Macedonians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks and Ottomans have all held important places in Turkey's history. Ancient sites and ruins throughout the country attest to each civilization's unique character.

Although the Republic of Turkey was founded in 1923, the Turks have been settled in Anatolia since the 11th century:

  • The Huns
  • The Gokturks
  • The Uygurs
  • The Turks and Islam
  • The Karahans
  • The Ghaznavids
  • The Seljuks
  • The Beyliks
  • The Ottomans


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